Socks and T-shirts

Throughout El Salvador, you will come across large industrial parks and free trade zones where  thousands of workers are employed in more than 200 textile factories.   Here are a few facts about the sector:

According to the industry trade association CAMTEX, the entire textile sector exported $2.5 billion in 2018 and represented 46% of El Salvador's total exports.  The industry produced 84,448 direct jobs, with an average wage of $524 per month.   The minimum wage in the sector is $295.20 per month or $1.23 per hour. 

The leading exports from El Salvador's textile maquila factories are cotton t-shirts and nylon socks.
Hanes and Fruit of the Loom are the leading brands, together representing approximately 20,000 jobs in El Salvador. 

There are frequent reports of abusive working conditions in the maquila factories, especially with regards to the treatment of women.

Some crooks won't be investigated

El Salvador's Supreme Judicial Court has decided to limit any investigations by its Probidad (Integrity) unit to public officials who had left office less than 10 years ago.   The Probidad unit is in charge of investigating officials in the government who are unable to explain the sources of increases in their net worth during their time in office.   Following the ruling of the Supreme Judicial Court, officials who stole their corrupt dollars prior to 2009 can breathe easier. 

The ruling means that only the FMLN governments of Mauricio Funes and Salvador Sanchez Ceren will fall within the purview of the corruption unit after June 1 and not officials from the prior ARENA governments of Tony Saca, Francisco Flores and their predecessors.   One prominent figure who may escape censure is Ana Vilma de Escobar, vice president of El Salvador during the Saca administration.   Probidad had been reviewing an unexplained increase of $11 million in her wealth during her time in office.


Two presentations in Washington today

There were two presentations on Wednesday in Washington, D.C. which are well worth watching.

The first was Nayib Bukele's first public speech since being elected president of El Salvador on February 3. Bukele chose to address the conservative Heritage Foundation in English to announce that El Salvador was open for business.

The second presentation, at almost the same time that Nayib Bukele was speaking, was titled New Government, Ongoing Agenda: Human Rights, Corruption and Accountability in El Salvador, and featured experts on the human rights situation in El Salvador speaking before the Tom Llantos Human Rights Commission.

El Salvador's next saint?

Sunday, March 12, is the 40th anniversary of the martyrdom of Father Rutilio Grande, S.J. Grande was a Jesuit priest working with poor campesinos in the countryside near El Paisnal, El Salvador. On March 12, 1977, while driving on the road between El Paisnal and Aguilares, assassins from Salvadoran security forces killed Father Grande, as well as two of his campesino parishioners, Manuel Solorzano, 72, and Nelson Rutilio Lemus, 16. Rutilio Grande was a friend of Archbishop Oscar Romero. Father Grande would be the first of many priests to be murdered in El Salvador's bloody years of internal conflict.

Thomas M. Kelly wrote in America magazine in June 2016:
What Father Grande learned and lived out was a simple truth: Until the marginalized communities he served created their own agency, until they acted upon their own reality as a church community, nothing would change. An outside leader could not come in and transform poor communities. Only local lay church leaders could encoura…

Better news

It would be wrong to call almost 500 murders in 60 days good news, but for El Salvador, it is better news than the country has had in a long time.

According to statistics from the country's National Civilian Police (PNC) reported in El Faro, the homicide rate in the country has fallen steadily in the past three years to a much improved, but still bloody, level.

In January and February there were 491 homicides in El Salvador.   Compare that to January and February of 2016, when there were 1404.  This was the lowest total for the first two months of a year since 2004, except for the years 2013 and 2014 during the so-called tregua, or gang truce.

El Salvador has averaged about 8 homicides a day this year compared to an average of 18 daily during the bloodiest year, 2015.  These improved numbers continue a downward trend which started in 2017 and has continued.

The government takes credit with the policies put in place by its security ministries.

The improvements have been seen across…

Catching up on the news

After being on a vacation for a few weeks, here are some short news pieces to catch you up on what is happening in El Salvador.

International Women's Day was commemorated yesterday.  Many organizations issued statements or held activities.  A march to commemorate the day proceeded through San Salvador.   Leading up to International Women's Day there had been some good news as three more women, imprisoned after suffering miscarriages and then prosecuted for abortion/murder had their sentences commuted by El Salvador's Supreme Judicial Court.  Many groups pointed out how far El Salvador falls short on women's rights with high rates of femicide, abuse, discrimination and failure to value women's work.
Bukele resolves Chicas defamation claim.   President-elect Nayib Bukele appeared in court with a stack of cash to settle the defamation claim of Eugenio Chicas.    Bukele paid $50,000 to resolve the matter, saying that he did not want to waste any more time on the case bec…

Migration numbers

Migration from El Salvador is usually written about in terms of the individual stories of families choosing to flee violence or economic hardship.   But it is also important to look at what available data might tell us about trends in the number of people leaving, as well as the number of people being returned through deportation back to the country.

Perhaps the most important trend in recent data is an upturn in the number of Salvadorans leaving the country, as measured by the number taken into custody after crossing the US border.  After declining significantly in 2017 and 2018, apprehensions of children traveling alone or families traveling with children have spiked up in recent months.   This chart taken from US Customs and Border Patrol data shows the trends:

The reasons for this upturn in migration are quite uncertain.   There might be some impact created by Salvadorans leaving as part of caravans, but the overall number of Salvadorans travelling in caravans is still just a smal…